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**Introduction To Algorithm**

The word **Algorithm** means “a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations”. Therefore Algorithm refers to a set of rules/instructions that step-by-step define how a work is to be executed upon in order to get the expected results.

**Advantages of Algorithms:**

- It is easy to understand.
- Algorithm is a step-wise representation of a solution to a given problem.
- In Algorithm the problem is broken down into smaller pieces or steps hence, it is easier for the programmer to convert it into an actual program.

** Link for the Problem** – Breaking the Records – Hacker Rank Solution

Breaking the Records – Hacker Rank Solution

**Problem:**

Maria plays college basketball and wants to go pro. Each season she maintains a record of her play. She tabulates the number of times she breaks her season record for *most points* and *least points* in a game. Points scored in the first game establish her record for the season, and she begins counting from there.

**Example**

Scores are in the same order as the games played. She tabulates her results as follows:

Count Game Score Minimum Maximum Min Max 0 12 12 12 0 0 1 24 12 24 0 1 2 10 10 24 1 1 3 24 10 24 1 1

Given the scores for a season, determine the number of times Maria breaks her records for *most* and *least* points scored during the season.

**Function Description**

Complete the *breakingRecords* function in the editor below.

breakingRecords has the following parameter(s):

*int scores[n]:*points scored per game

**Returns**

*int[2]:*An array with the numbers of times she broke her records. Index is for breaking*most points*records, and index is for breaking*least points*records.

**Input Format**

**Sample Input 0**

9 10 5 20 20 4 5 2 25 1

**Sample Output 0**

2 4

**Explanation 0**

The diagram below depicts the number of times Maria broke her best and worst records throughout the season:

She broke her best record twice (after games and ) and her worst record four times (after games , , , and ), so we print `2 4`

as our answer. Note that she *did not* break her record for best score during game , as her score during that game was *not* strictly greater than her best record at the time.

**Sample Input 1**

10 3 4 21 36 10 28 35 5 24 42

**Sample Output 1**

4 0

**Explanation 1**

The diagram below depicts the number of times Maria broke her best and worst records throughout the season:

She broke her best record four times (after games , , , and ) and her worst record zero times (no score during the season was lower than the one she earned during her first game), so we print `4 0`

as our answer.

Breaking the Records – Hacker Rank Solution

import java.util.Scanner; /** * @author Techno-RJ * */ public class BreakingTheRecords { public static void main(String[] args) { Scanner in = new Scanner(System.in); int n = in.nextInt(); int[] score = new int[n]; int baseScore = in.nextInt(); int bestScoreCount = 0, leastScoreCount = 0; int baseBestScore = baseScore, baseLeastScore = baseScore; for (int score_i = 1; score_i < n; score_i++) { score[score_i] = in.nextInt(); if (score[score_i] < baseLeastScore) { baseLeastScore = score[score_i]; leastScoreCount++; } if (score[score_i] > baseBestScore) { baseBestScore = score[score_i]; bestScoreCount++; } } System.out.println(bestScoreCount + " " + leastScoreCount); in.close(); } }