Counting Sort 1 in Algorithm | HackerRank Programming Solutions | HackerRank Problem Solving Solutions in Java [💯Correct]

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Introduction To Algorithm

The word Algorithm means “a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations”. Therefore Algorithm refers to a set of rules/instructions that step-by-step define how a work is to be executed upon in order to get the expected results. 

Advantages of Algorithms:

  • It is easy to understand.
  • Algorithm is a step-wise representation of a solution to a given problem.
  • In Algorithm the problem is broken down into smaller pieces or steps hence, it is easier for the programmer to convert it into an actual program.

Link for the ProblemCounting Sort 1 – Hacker Rank Solution

Counting Sort 1– Hacker Rank Solution

Problem:

Comparison Sorting
Quicksort usually has a running time of , but is there an algorithm that can sort even faster? In general, this is not possible. Most sorting algorithms are comparison sorts, i.e. they sort a list just by comparing the elements to one another. A comparison sort algorithm cannot beat  (worst-case) running time, since  represents the minimum number of comparisons needed to know where to place each element. For more details, you can see these notes (PDF).

Alternative Sorting
Another sorting method, the counting sort, does not require comparison. Instead, you create an integer array whose index range covers the entire range of values in your array to sort. Each time a value occurs in the original array, you increment the counter at that index. At the end, run through your counting array, printing the value of each non-zero valued index that number of times.

Example

All of the values are in the range , so create an array of zeros, . The results of each iteration follow:

i	arr[i]	result
0	1	[0, 1, 0, 0]
1	1	[0, 2, 0, 0]
2	3	[0, 2, 0, 1]
3	2	[0, 2, 1, 1]
4	1	[0, 3, 1, 1]

The frequency array is . These values can be used to create the sorted array as well: .

Note
For this exercise, always return a frequency array with 100 elements. The example above shows only the first 4 elements, the remainder being zeros.

Challenge
Given a list of integers, count and return the number of times each value appears as an array of integers.

Function Description

Complete the countingSort function in the editor below.

countingSort has the following parameter(s):

  • arr[n]: an array of integers

Returns

  • int[100]: a frequency array

Input Format

The first line contains an integer , the number of items in .
Each of the next  lines contains an integer  where .

Constraints

Sample Input

100
63 25 73 1 98 73 56 84 86 57 16 83 8 25 81 56 9 53 98 67 99 12 83 89 80 91 39 86 76 85 74 39 25 90 59 10 94 32 44 3 89 30 27 79 46 96 27 32 18 21 92 69 81 40 40 34 68 78 24 87 42 69 23 41 78 22 6 90 99 89 50 30 20 1 43 3 70 95 33 46 44 9 69 48 33 60 65 16 82 67 61 32 21 79 75 75 13 87 70 33  

Sample Output

0 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 1 2 1 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 1 0 1 2 1 1 1 3 0 2 0 0 2 0 3 3 1 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 2 1 3 2 0 0 2 1 2 1 0 2 2 1 2 1 2 1 1 2 2 0 3 2 1 1 0 1 1 1 0 2 2 

Explanation

Each of the resulting values  represents the number of times  appeared in .

Counting Sort 1 – Hacker Rank Solution
import java.util.Scanner;

/**
 * @author techno-RJ
 *
 */
public class CountingSort1 {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
		int N = sc.nextInt();
		int a[] = new int[100];

		for (int i = 0; i < N; i++) {
			a[sc.nextInt()]++;
		}
		for (int j = 0; j < N; j++) {
			System.out.print(a[j] + " ");
		}
		sc.close();
	}
}

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