Counting Valleys in Algorithm | HackerRank Programming Solutions | HackerRank Problem Solving Solutions in Java [💯Correct]

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Introduction To Algorithm

The word Algorithm means “a process or set of rules to be followed in calculations or other problem-solving operations”. Therefore Algorithm refers to a set of rules/instructions that step-by-step define how a work is to be executed upon in order to get the expected results. 

Advantages of Algorithms:

  • It is easy to understand.
  • Algorithm is a step-wise representation of a solution to a given problem.
  • In Algorithm the problem is broken down into smaller pieces or steps hence, it is easier for the programmer to convert it into an actual program.

Link for the ProblemCounting Valleys – Hacker Rank Solution

Counting Valleys – Hacker Rank Solution

Problem:

An avid hiker keeps meticulous records of their hikes. During the last hike that took exactly  steps, for every step it was noted if it was an uphill, , or a downhill,  step. Hikes always start and end at sea level, and each step up or down represents a  unit change in altitude. We define the following terms:

  • mountain is a sequence of consecutive steps above sea level, starting with a step up from sea level and ending with a step down to sea level.
  • valley is a sequence of consecutive steps below sea level, starting with a step down from sea level and ending with a step up to sea level.

Given the sequence of up and down steps during a hike, find and print the number of valleys walked through.

Example

The hiker first enters a valley  units deep. Then they climb out and up onto a mountain  units high. Finally, the hiker returns to sea level and ends the hike.

Function Description

Complete the countingValleys function in the editor below.

countingValleys has the following parameter(s):

  • int steps: the number of steps on the hike
  • string path: a string describing the path

Returns

  • int: the number of valleys traversed

Input Format

The first line contains an integer , the number of steps in the hike.
The second line contains a single string , of  characters that describe the path.

Constraints

image 65

Sample Input

8
UDDDUDUU

Sample Output

1

Explanation

If we represent _ as sea level, a step up as /, and a step down as \, the hike can be drawn as:

_/\      _
   \    /
    \/\/

The hiker enters and leaves one valley.

Counting Valleys – Hacker Rank Solution
import java.util.Scanner;

/**
 * @author Techno-RJ
 *
 */
public class CountingValleys {

	static int countingValleys(int n, String s) {

		int valleyCounter = 0, altitude = 0;

		for (int i = 0; i < n; i++) {
			char ch = s.charAt(i);
			if (ch == 'U') {
				altitude++;
				if (altitude == 0) {
					valleyCounter++;
				}

			} else {

				altitude--;
			}
		}
		return valleyCounter;
	}

	public static void main(String[] args) {
		Scanner sc = new Scanner(System.in);
		int n = sc.nextInt();
		String str = sc.next();
		System.out.println(countingValleys(n, str));
		sc.close();
	}
}

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