Structs in C++ – Hacker Rank Solution | HackerRank Programming Solutions | HackerRank C++ Solutions

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Introduction To C++

C++ is a general-purpose programming language that was developed as an enhancement of the C language to include object-oriented paradigm. It is an imperative and a compiled language. 

C++ is a middle-level language rendering it the advantage of programming low-level (drivers, kernels) and even higher-level applications (games, GUI, desktop apps etc.). The basic syntax and code structure of both C and C++ are the same. 

C++ programming language was developed in 1980 by Bjarne Stroustrup at bell laboratories of AT&T (American Telephone & Telegraph), located in U.S.A. Bjarne Stroustrup is known as the founder of C++ language.

Structs in C++ 

Problem

struct is a way to combine multiple fields to represent a composite data structure, which further lays the foundation for Object Oriented Programming. For example, we can store details related to a student in a struct consisting of his age (int), first_name (string), last_name (string) and standard (int).
struct can be represented as

struct NewType {
    type1 value1;
    type2 value2;
    .
    .
    .
    typeN valueN;
};

You have to create a struct, named Student, representing the student’s details, as mentioned above, and store the data of a student.


Input Format :

Input will consist of four lines.
The first line will contain an integer, representing age.
The second line will contain a string, consisting of lower-case Latin characters (‘a’-‘z’), representing the first_name of a student.
The third line will contain another string, consisting of lower-case Latin characters (‘a’-‘z’), representing the last_name of a student.
The fourth line will contain an integer, representing the standard of student.

Note: The number of characters in first_name and last_name will not exceed 50.

Output Format :

Output will be of a single line, consisting of agefirst_namelast_name and standard, each separated by one white space.P.S.: I/O will be handled by HackerRank.


Sample Input :

15
john
carmack
10

Sample Output :

15 john carmack 10
Structs in C++ – Hacker Rank Solution
#include <cmath>
#include <cstdio>
#include <vector>
#include <iostream>
#include <algorithm>
using namespace std;

struct Student
{
    int age, standard;
    string first_name, last_name;
};

int main() 
{
    Student st;
    
    cin >> st.age >> st.first_name >> st.last_name >> st.standard;
    cout << st.age << " " << st.first_name << " " << st.last_name << " " << st.standard;
    
    return 0;
}

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